Why textbox persists data during postback even if View State set to off

I have seen lots of confusion in various threads, that How and Why a textbox persists data even when View State is set to off. Even I was confused earlier but I tried to discover it and I found the root cause, so sharing it to you all.
For that, first let’s see the page life cycle on postback.

ASP.NET Page Life Cycle

Now lets first discuss about the View State, How View State works?
If View State is on for any control, during LoadViewstate, the View State data that got saved last time , gets populated in the control.  And in last, the SaveViewState method of every controls that are part of the control hiearchy, gets called and combined View State of all the controls gets base64  enocoded and saved.
So as we know the page is recreated every time page makes a trip to the server, the data persistence is adone with the help of viewstate.
Now here the point that are we are going to discuss,  even if we set off the View State of some controls like textbox, checkbox etc.. the data persists during postback.
Let’s discuss it in bit detail, whenever a page is submitted or posted back to server, the entire form data is posted to the server as a collection with the request. The collection is in the form of NamedValue collection and this collection has the mapping with uniqueid of the control and the value of the control. You can read the data from the form collection by using the following code snippet

//Reading textbox value from the form collection
string textboxvalue = Request.Form[textbox1.UniqueID];

ASP.NET uses this primitive to update the control’s value. ASP.NET uses IPostBackDataHandler  for the controls that load the data from the form collection.
Actually all the controls which implement IPostbackdatahandler, implement the method LoadPostData and RaisePostDataChangedEvent. But here the key method is LoadPostData, which returns true if the posted value is changed from earlier value and updates it with posted value, else it returns false.  Lets see the sample code here

public virtual bool LoadPostData(string uniqueId,
         NameValueCollection postedCollection) {
         //Getting the current value of control
         String currentValue = this.Text;
        //Getting the posted value from the form collection
         String postedValue = postedCollection[uniqueId];
        //Checks whether the posted value is changed from the current value, if yes updates it with the posted value and return yes
         if (currentValue == null || !currentValue.Equals(postedValue)) {
            this.Text = postedValue;
            return true;
         }
         //else return false
         return false;
      }

As from the Page Life Cycle, we can see LoadPostData is called after the LoadViewState, whether viewstate is on or not,  it gets populated from the posted data. That’s why the data get persisted even if viewstate is set to off for few controls. Following is the complete list of the controls, those implement IPostBackDataHandler.

- CheckBox
- CheckBoxList
- DropDownList
- HtmlInputCheckBox
- HtmlInputFile
- HtmlInputHidden
- HtmlInputImage
- HtmlInputRadioButton
- HtmlInputText
- HtmlSelect
- HtmlTextArea
- ImageButton
- ListBox
- RadioButtonList
- TextBox

I think, this must have helped many of you overcome from this hazzy picture.

Thanks,
Brij

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22 thoughts on “Why textbox persists data during postback even if View State set to off

  1. Thanks Brij, But i am a bit confused about the usage of viewstate now.
    If alll the user controls can persist data without viewstate, why do we need to keep viewstate on?. what is the extra work that viewstate does?

  2. Pingback: Request Validation with ASP.NET 4.5 : A deep dive « Brij's arena of .NET

  3. Thanks Brij, But i am a bit confused about the usage of viewstate now.
    If alll the user controls can persist data without viewstate, why do we need to keep viewstate on?. what is the extra work that viewstate does?

    Please answer above question.

    • James,

      Thanks you liked it.

      Regarding to your question, It’s not all user controls that can persist data without ViewState, only which control that implements IPostBackDataHandler, I also listed down all the controls (These controls are mainly input controls).

      Having said this, lot of other controls uses view state like Label, GridView and lot many other controls as well. Apart from this we can also directly use the ViewState to store our custom data.

      Hope it must have answered your question.

      Thanks,
      Brij

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